CARES (Sex & Relationships Education)
At Foxhills Junior School, we believe that we have a duty to provide children with a broad curriculum that not only improves children’s academic skills, but also provides children with the skills to develop into well rounded, conscientious adults. Our CARES education programme focuses on our value of Care and encourages the children to discover how people can be similar and different, how to make and maintain healthy relationships, while understanding how their emotions affect themselves and other people. Sex Education will also be taught as part of this programme.
- 10% of children aged 5-16 have been diagnosed with a mental health condition.
- Three in four mental illnesses start during childhood.
- In the last 20 years, women’s experiences of anxiety and depression have increased by 38%.
- Three quarters of schools believe that they have dealt with a pupil with a mental health problem that was made worse by their online activity.
Developing a child’s understanding of healthy relationships is incredibly important. A report by the NSPCC and Bristol University (2011), as well as NSPCC data, shows that:
- Two thirds of girls and one third of boys have experienced emotional violence (mostly controlling behaviour),
- Half of girls thought that control was an integral aspect of an intimate relationship,
- A quarter of boys and girls have instigated partner control in their relationships,
- Counselling for online sexual abuse rose by a quarter in 2015-16 (12-15yr olds).
Furthermore, the Boys to Men Project found that over half of 13-14 year olds have experienced domestic abuse, whether as victims, witnesses or perpetrators and that a quarter of children have carried out at least one abusive act- often emotional abuse or controlling behaviour towards their boyfriend or girlfriend.
By the end of year 6, children will be able to:
- Challenge stereotypes and explore how the media can portray stereotypical images,
- Protect their rights in relationships and understand what consent means in an age appropriate way.
- Describe what constitutes a healthy and unhealthy relationship and develop strategies for managing and ending different types of relationships,
- Develop personal coping strategies when dealing with challenging and uncomfortable feelings, improving their resilience to these feelings.
- Understand the changes the body goes through during puberty and how humans reproduce.
Our programme has five core strands: Community, Assertiveness, Relationships, Emotions and Sex Education. It has been developed using advice from the PSHE Association, the Heathy Schools partnership and the government’s Disrespect NoBody campaign (quality assured by the PSHE Association). The following sections divides each strand into units that progress through each year group.
Before teaching these strands, it is important that teachers:
- Set ground rules: these must be negotiated with the children, rather than imposed,
- Distance the learning: create fictional scenarios, use puppets, picture books, images or clips to allow help the children feel comfortable discussing the units.
- Consider the safe handling of questions: this could be through the use of an anonymous question box so the children feel at ease when asking questions,
- Consider the children in the class: Be aware of the children that may be vulnerable or who may react in a different way because of their experiences,
- Make the learning interactive,
- Avoid using shock, fear or guilt,
- Always sign post support within every unit.